Understanding Disc Injury
WHAT IS A BULGING DISC?
A bulging disc, also known as a disc protrusion or a disc herniation, is a condition in which the intervertebral disc, which is located between the vertebrae in the spine, extends beyond its normal boundaries and presses against nearby nerves or the spinal cord. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area.
A bulging disc can be caused by a variety of factors, including age-related degeneration, injury, and repetitive motion.
When diagnosed with a protruding disc, it indicates that the gel within the disc has been pushed out or bulges due to injury, leading to asymmetrical bulging in various regions. This can cause discomfort by pinching and irritating nerve roots, resulting in varying degrees of pain.
A herniated disc occurs when the disc material ruptures and the gel pushes outward, leading to severe pain and numbness due to nerve irritation. This type of injury can be highly serious in many cases.
A disc extrusion is the most severe form of disc injury, where the gel within the disc bulges into the space outside the vertebrae or breaks away from the disc. This can result in excruciating back pain and a severe limitation of range of motion.
Treatment options for a bulging disc depend on the severity of the symptoms and may include rest, physical therapy, medication, or surgery in severe cases.
Slip and Fall Injuries
WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON WORK-RELATED INJURIES?
Back injuries such as muscle strains, sprains, and herniated discs caused by lifting heavy objects, repetitive motions, or prolonged sitting or standing.
Neck injuries such as whiplash, which can be caused by sudden jolts or impacts to the head or neck.
Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) such as carpal tunnel syndrome or tendinitis, caused by overuse of certain body parts, awkward postures, or repetitive motions.
Headaches caused by tension or stress-related issues, poor posture, or neck or spine misalignments.
Shoulder injuries such as rotator cuff injuries, caused by repetitive overhead activities or heavy lifting.
Hip injuries such as bursitis or strains, which can be caused by repetitive motion or prolonged sitting.
Knee injuries such as tendonitis or sprains, which can be caused by repetitive kneeling or squatting.
Slip and fall injuries, which can occur on slippery or uneven surfaces and can cause sprains, strains, fractures, or head injuries.
Muscle Tears and Strains
WHAT ARE MUSCLE STRAINS?
Muscle strains, also known as pulled muscles, are common injury that occurs when a muscle or its tendon is stretched beyond its capacity or torn due to overuse or sudden impact. This can happen to any muscle in the body but is most common in the lower back, neck, hamstring, and calf muscles.
Muscles are composed of multiple muscle fibers that work together to provide mobility and support to the body. A muscle strain or tear happens when the muscle is subjected to excessive stretching or forceful contraction, leading to damage to the muscle fibers. In most cases, only a small group of muscle fibers will be affected, and the muscle will continue to function. However, in severe cases, all the fibers may tear, causing the muscle to become non-functional.
There are three grades of muscle strain:
Grade 1 – mild strain. Only a few fibres are stretched or torn. The area is tender and painful but retains normal strength and responds well to proper treatment.
Grade 2 – moderate strain. A greater number of fibres are affected. Pain is more intense, strength has been lost and there may be swelling and pain or bruising. Again, this strain responds well to treatment.
Grade 3 – severe strain. The muscle is torn all the way through. Considerable pain is felt, there is a complete loss of function, and both swelling and discoloration are present. With this grade of tear, surgical intervention may be needed.
Ankle, Knee, Wrist, Thumb, Finger, Neck, Back, Shoulder, Elbow and Hip
WHAT ARE LIGAMENT SPRAINS?
Ligament sprains occur when a ligament is stretched or torn, often as a result of sudden trauma or excessive force being applied to a joint. Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones to one another and provide stability to joints.
Sprains are categorized by severity:
grade 1 is a mild sprain
grade 2 is a moderate sprain
grade 3 is a severe sprain that involves a complete tear of the ligament.
They also help to control the range of motion of joints. Ligament sprains occur when the ligament is stretched or torn beyond its normal range of motion, often due to sudden trauma or overuse. This can happen during athletic activities, slip and fall accidents, or from repetitive stress on a joint.